ORAL SURGERY – EXTRACTIONS
Tooth extractions are the most recognized form of oral surgery. They are routine dental procedures used to remove decayed, damaged otherwise problematic teeth. Depending on which teeth are removed, they may be replaced with a dental implant or another oral prosthetic.
WHAT ARE WISDOM TEETH?
Wisdom teeth, also known as third-molars, are teeth that are all the way in the back of the mouth. They usually come in or start being seen on x-rays when patients are in their teens.
WHY DO WISDOM TEETH HAVE TO BE REMOVED?
60-80% of people don’t have enough room in their jaw so these teeth cause problems such as pain, bleeding, or crowding of the teeth. It is often recommended to have them removed when patients are young and healthy (age 17-25) to avoid problems in the future when complications can increase and patients don’t heal as well.
WHAT ARE THE INDICATIONS FOR TOOTH EXTRACTIONS?
- Most common cause is severe tooth decay and cavities.
- Teeth that are impacted or not completely erupted in the mouth
- Teeth that have incurred trauma, disease or crowding.
- A tooth that cannot be repaired with a filling or a crown because of an accident or extensive decay
- Teeth that aren’t supported by enough bone due to periodontal disease
- Infected (abscessed) teeth that don’t respond to root canal treatment
WHAT ARE THE TWO TYPES OF EXTRACTIONS?
Simple Extractions – The removal of a tooth that is visible above the gum line and can easily be removed with forceps. By taking an x-ray and examining your tooth, Dr. O’Donnell can usually determine whether or not your extraction will be simple or surgical. However, there are times when a simple extraction turns into a surgical extraction. If a tooth breaks off during the procedure, for instance, it may need to be taken out in pieces.
Surgical Extractions – Involve the removal of gum tissue or bone in order to extract a tooth. These extractions often require stitches to close the site so that it can heal properly. Wisdom teeth often face surgical extraction because they are usually impacted. Removing severely broken down teeth, root tips or teeth with long-curved roots are other examples of surgical extractions. Then there are times when the bone around a tooth has become dense, resulting in the need for surgical treatment. The surgical extraction of teeth may sound a bit daunting, but with today’s modern procedures, anesthesia, and Dr O’Donnell’s training, you have nothing to worry about.